When the wheelbase on the bike is long, the bike has better on road stability. The TRX-4's chassis allows multiple wheelbase configurations to fit a variety of different bodies. f Thus, in a car with a short wheelbase, the short lever arm from the CM to the rear wheel will result in a greater lateral force on the rear tire which means greater acceleration and less time for the driver to adjust and prevent a spin out or worse. Car packaging designers are clearly very clever people with a lot of tricks up their sleeves! {\displaystyle L} Let’s break it down. {\displaystyle m} Read below for key dimensions of each bed length. Take the Mercedes-AMG GT, for example. = Login; Join; HOME. As an important factor for off-road performance, do you know what wheelbase your Jeep has? A reason for this alternative use is that decks are sold with prefabricated holes, but usually without trucks and wheels. At equilibrium, the total torque of the forces acting on a vehicle is zero. For many people, the most relevant is interior space. No. Number of seats: 5: Combined (mpg) 21 ‡ Fuel Tank Capacity - usable … d r 176.2 176.2 176.2 200.2 176.2 200.2 Code Description (in.) Tell us what sort of car you need and we’ll show you the best options. The Ford F-150 (2015) has an overall length of 19’4” (5.89 m), wheelbase of 12’5” (3.78 m), a width of 6’8” (2.03 m), and height of 6’ 3.5” (1.92 m). 3.0L 340 HP SUPERCHARGED V6 RWD. That’s gigantic, by the way. Therefore, the wheelbase is related to the force on each pair of tires by the following formula: where Where next? At  3455mm long, the Aygo is actually shorter than the Phantom’s wheelbase! is the distance from the center of gravity to the front wheels ( At 3455mm long, the Aygo is actually shorter than the Phantom’s wheelbase! Sure enough it’s explaining the length of something but what exactly? Likewise, when braking the front noses down and the rear rises.:[2]. Wheel-base dimension (Courtesy: Wikimedia) Although the term wheelbase does not directly give the idea of the length of the vehicle; generally speaking the longer the wheel-base, the longer is the overall length of the vehicle. Because of the effect the wheelbase has on the weight distribution of the vehicle, wheelbase dimensions are crucial to the balance and steering. + {\displaystyle g} In both road and rail vehicles, the wheelbase is the horizontal distance between the centers of the front and rear wheels. Specifications of MINI-Z Racer and MINI-Z AWD bodies. All other conditions being equal, a shorter wheelbase vehicle represents a more concentrated load to the track than a longer wheelbase vehicle. The amount the vehicle sinks will depend on counter acting forces, like the size of the tires, tire pressure, and the spring rate of the suspension. Not sure what you want? Its overall height is 61.30 inches, while its width comes at 64.10 inches. or 5.8-ft. in length, 50.63-in. A long wheelbase will make the vehicle more stable but will make it harder to handle in tight turns, like in a city or getting into a camp-site. However, since the wheels may be of different sizes (for example, on a steam locomotive), the measurement is taken between the points where the wheels contact the rail, and not between the centers of the wheels. It’s a two-seater sports car and interior space isn’t exactly important to AMG GT buyers. For road vehicles with more than two axles, the wheelbase is the distance between the steering axle and the centerpoint of the driving axle group. The short bed's wheelbase is 108.30 inches, while the long bed has a wheelbase of 117.90 inches. [3] Width measurements are indicated without exterior mirrors (in brackets with mirrors unfolded). is the gravity constant. Here’s an example: the Phantom we saw at the top is 5982mm long and has a wheelbase of 3820mm. h is the distance from the CM to the rear wheels, The short box is 69.9-in. Guide for taking measurements. d MESSAGES. Exte. In rail vehicles, the wheelbase follows a similar concept. carwow is the trading name of carwow Ltd, which is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority for credit broking activities (firm reference number: 767155). Proportionally at least, the Aygo has more interior space than the Phantom. It’s 5982mm long with a wheelbase of 3820mm. A longer wheelbase typically provides a smoother ride, while a short wheelbase enables a vehicle to take on corners faster. As with the cab options, the 2019 Sierra 1500 offers the choice of three bed lengths: the short box, standard box, and long box. r The wheels being further apart gives the space to create an elegant, flowing shape. wheelbase definition: 1. the distance between the front and the back wheels of a motor vehicle 2. the distance between…. So, as is common experience, when the vehicle accelerates, the rear usually sinks and the front rises depending on the suspension. Divide 20 by 38 to get .526. This is different from the distance between the rotational centers of the two wheel pairs. {\displaystyle d_{r}} BMW i3. It’s worth noting that many high-end luxury cars like the Mercedes S-Class (above) and the BMW 7 Series are available in ‘standard’ and ‘long’ wheelbase forms. Plenty of small cars have a long wheelbase to maximise interior space. m Why is wheelbase important? Long wheelbase vehicles may smooth out the roads most traveled, but a school bus has a long wheelbase, but the ride is not good. {\displaystyle d_{f}} In contrast, coupé varieties of some vehicles such as the Honda Accord are usually built on shorter wheelbases than the sedans they are derived from. {\displaystyle L} F PERCENT OF PAYLOAD ON FRONT AXLE BY WHEELBASE (E-SERIES/F-SERIES STRIPPED CHASSIS)* * Water-level load. 74.3 in. or 4.2-ft. in width, and 62.9 cu-ft. in overall bed volume. The car pictured above is a Rolls-Royce Phantom. is the force on the rear tires, L Discussion on performance modifying H-Bodies. f Taller cars in particular can get away with a relatively short wheelbase because the seats can be mounted higher which creates more space. On vehicles where the wheelsets (axles) are mounted inside the vehicle frame (mostly in steam locomotives), the wheelbase is the distance between the front-most and rear-most wheelsets. L x W x H: 4319 x 1799 x 1434 mm Boot capacity: 380 dm 3. is the wheelbase, R-SPORT STANDARD WHEELBASE ; SUPERCHARGED STANDARD WHEELBASE; SELECT ENGINE. For example, a deck with a long wheelbase, say 22 inches (55.9 cm), will respond slowly to turns, which is often desirable in high speeds. Trim Name Length Width Height Ground Clearance Wheelbase; XLT 2dr Regular Cab 6.5 ft. SB 4WD (2.7L 6cyl 10A) 227.9 in. {\displaystyle L} If you’re new to the van world then some of the terminology thrown around can be a little confusing. So, don’t discount a car just because it looks too big for your drive. Multiply … In the case of a tri-axle truck, the wheelbase would be the distance between the steering axle and a point midway between the two rear axles. A car’s wheelbase is the distance between the centres of the front and rear wheels. F So, for example, when a truck is loaded, its center of gravity shifts rearward and the force on the rear tires increases. For road vehicles with more than two axles (e.g. is the acceleration (or deceleration if the value is negative). The standard box is 79.4-in. I've only scanned the pages to the Blazer/Jimmy, Suburban and pickup. It’s one of those terms that you often come across when reading car reviews or looking at specifications, but it’s rarely explained properly. What you need to pay attention to is the wheelbase to length ratio. Learn more. {\displaystyle d_{r}} Standard Box. Share. f Dimensions of new BMW cars showing length, width and height Range of BMW automobiles to help you find a new car according to the size of each vehicle. New BMW 1 Series 2020. In skateboarding the word 'wheelbase' is used for the distance between the two inner pairs of mounting holes on the deck. {\displaystyle d_{f}} Car chooser. Wheel size and spring rates, along with the center of gravity all contribute to ride character. All wheelbase modifications must be made in strict accordance with Section #5 (Chassis Modification) of the COE Hino Body Builder Book (Available online at www.hino.com). ‘Wheelbase’ is one of those car-related terms that seem kind of nebulous. Just that depends on the type of use. Wheelbases provide the basis for one of the most common vehicle size class systems. On the flip side, long wheelbase cars tend to be less agile. No. g frame rail to be added by the body builder. Wheelbase definition is - the distance between the front and rear axles of an automotive vehicle. L x W x H: 4011 x 1775 x 1578 mm Boot capacity: 260 dm 3. This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 10:04. Contrast that to the Toyota Aygo pictured above. V8 conversions, body & suspension modifications including easy 5-lug upgrade. The wheelbase also affects the load the vehicle poses to the track, track infrastructure and bridges. In most cases, car designers use a long wheelbase to create an interior that’s essentially one big box, free of any obstructions. Adjusting the wheelbase changes the weight distribution on the wheels which, in turn, adjusts traction. {\displaystyle F_{r}} A Front Overhang Length 38.1 38.1 38.1 38.1 38.1 38.1 B Rear Axle to Frame Length 47.6 47.6 47.6 47.6 47.6 47.6 So, the wheelbase accounts for nearly 64% percent of the Phantom’s total length. {\displaystyle h_{cm}} is the wheelbase, Long wheelbase cars are often better looking, too. and even some SUVs like the VW Tiguan and Jeep Wrangler come in LWB models. The higher the gross weight, the longer the wheelbase must be. Z71 4dr Crew Cab 6.2 ft. LB 4WD (3.6L 6cyl 8A) Contrast that to the Toyota Aygo pictured above. For example, a car with a much greater weight load on the rear tends to understeer due to the lack of the load (force) on the front tires and therefore the grip (friction) from them. Find out … {\displaystyle F_{f}} m f Wheelbase is the horizontal distance between the front and rear axles of a vehicle. Likewise, a car may oversteer or even "spin out" if there is too much force on the front tires and not enough on the rear tires. {\displaystyle d_{r}} The equation relating the wheelbase, height above the ground of the CM, and the force on each pair of tires becomes: where Wheelbase definition, the distance from the center of the front-wheel spindle to the center of the rear-wheel axle. Here’s an example: the Phantom we saw at the top is 5982mm long and has a wheelbase of 3820mm. 9.8 m/s2), 96.8 in. L It may just be an optical illusion created by a long wheelbase. The Aygo has a wheelbase of 2340mm, which gives it a wheelbase-to-length ratio of nearly 68%. A deck with a short wheelbase, say 14 inches (35.6 cm), will respond quickly to turns, which is often desirable when skating backyard pools or other terrains requiring quick or intense turns. In this advice guide, you’ll find out what you need to know. Also, when turning there is lateral torque placed upon the tires which imparts a turning force that depends upon the length of the tire distances from the CM. The fourth-generation Econoline/Club Wagon underwent several revisions during its production. A wheelbase is the measure of distance between the centers of the front and rear axles. Body Length 8’ 60” 9’ 9’ 10’60” 10’ 72” 12’ 84” 14’ 108” 16’ 120”-126” 18’ 138” 20’ 150”-162” 22’ 162”-175” 24’ 175”-192” 20’ “Quick Reference Guide For Body Cab To Axle” ** The most crucial measurement in the truck equipment installation process is the cab to axle. Short Box; Standard Box; Long Box; Short Box . ** Approximate maximum interior length of the cargo area. V8 H-Body Talk > Performance > Racing Chassis > Wheelbase vs weight transfer vs handling. {\displaystyle a} Moderator:art gravatt. Some front-engined sports cars have a long wheelbase so that the engine can go behind the front axle to improve weight distribution and handling. Which can make the car look longer than it actually is. Divide the length of the wheel distance by the length of the RV. Short-wheelbased vehicles can negotiate sharper curves. OPEN ALL CLOSE ALL. F The Suzuki Ignis (above) is particularly good at this. This is why it is crucial, when towing a single-axle caravan, to distribute the caravan's weight so that down-thrust on the tow-hook is about 100 pounds force (400 N). In both road and rail vehicles, the wheelbase is the horizontal distance between the centers of the front and rear wheels. Skoda is evidently well aware of the Superb’s popularity with taxi drivers! is the distance from the CM to the front wheels, ), A common misconception is that the choice of wheelbase is influenced by the height of the skateboarder. Vehicle vs Wheelbase - What's the difference? See the level of luxury and space you can get with a long wheelbase in the review of the Rolls-Royce Phantom. Reference Section #3 of the COE Hino BBB for weights and locations of optional accessories. is the force on the front tires, It underwent updates for 1987, and for a time seemed destined for replacement with a front-wheel drive Mazda platform. {\displaystyle m} The vast majority of any car’s interior sits between the wheels, so a car with a long wheelbase will tend to have a more spacious interior than a car of the same length with a shorter wheelbase. some trucks), the wheelbase is the distance between the steering (front) axle and the centerpoint of the driving axle group. Body Specifications. Check out our Car Chooser tool. It’s therefore a smaller number than the car’s full length, as measured from its front and rear end. The larger footprint of a long wheelbase car also gives it greater stability in corners, so it feels safer to drive. A Jeep’s wheelbase is important because it affects balance and steering. c V8 H-Body Talk. The Ford F-150 (2015) is part of Ford’s current thirteenth-generation pickup truck F-Series lineup. But it’s actually quite simple to understand and useful to know, as it gives you some information about the car that could be crucial to your needs. Wheelbases are sometimes increased to allow lower placement of heavy drive line components to lower the center of gravity. Wheelbase is actually nothing but the distance between the front and rear wheel of any automobile when drawn a straight line to connect them both. The long wheelbase gives passengers in the rear even more room, a desirable feature for this kind of car. is the force on the rear tires, {\displaystyle F_{f}} Share with: Link: Copy link. For 1999, to adopt a nomenclature closer in line to that of Ford full-size trucks, the Econoline was renamed the E-Series. The short cargo bed has an overall length of 72.40 inches, a width of 54.90 inches, and has a depth of 16.80 inches. See more. f Find your perfect car with our FORUMS. Click & Collect and Delivery options available. Wheelbase to length ratio has more of an effect on ride than on handling. The third-generation Mustang was produced by Ford from 1978 until 1993. d Body Length C.A. Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Tony Blair was given a long-wheelbase version of the Rover 75 for official use. A vehicle’s wheelbase can help determine how well you can conquer obstacles out on the trail. So, the wheelbase accounts for nearly 64% percent of the Phantom’s total length. Short wheelbase cars are better for nipping around town and more fun on twisty roads. is the mass of the vehicle, What you need to pay attention to is the wheelbase to length ratio. In the case of a tri-axle truck, the wheelbase would be the distance between the steering axle and a point midway between the two rear axles.[1]. Body Dimensions CREW CAB CHASSIS CAB Series F-350 F-450 F-550 Drive 4x2 4x4 4x2/4x4 4x2/4x4 4x2/4x4 4x2/4x4 Single/Dual Rear Wheels SRW/DRW SRW/DRW DRW DRW DRW DRW Wheelbase (in.) On vehicles where the wheelsets are mounted on bogies (American: trucks), three wheelbase measurements can be distinguished: The wheelbase affects the rail vehicle's capability to negotiate curves. View offers from local and national dealers. the distance between the pivot points of the front-most and rear-most bogie; the distance between the front-most and rear-most wheelsets of the vehicle; the distance between the front-most and rear-most wheelsets of each bogie. The vehicle will then ride lower. r Average savings are calculated daily based on the best dealer prices on carwow vs manufacturer RRP. Being built on Ford’s Fox platform, it is commonly referred to as the Fox body Mustang.It evolved through a number of sub-models, trim levels, and drivetrain combinations during its production life. is the force on the front tires, DISCUSSIONS. That allows the designers to maximise the space available for both people and things. d 8.9 in. Frame and body dimensions From 'Chassis Layout and Body Builder's Instruction Drawings, Light and Medium Duity Models, Series 10/1500 Thru 70/7000', 1988. Use this chart to determine the length of your Jeep’s wheelbase. If the wheelbase were known, but the front and rear track were unknown, it would be listed as 86.0, NA, NA -- 1952 Morris Minor. As railway lines are designed to take a pre-determined maximum load per unit of length (tonnes per meter, or pounds per foot), the rail vehicles' wheelbase is designed according to their intended gross weight. You could fit an entire car in there. Two-door Jeep Wranglers have a short wheelbase, while the four-door Wrangler Unlimited has a long wheelbase. For example, if your coach is 38 feet long and the distance between the center of its front and rear tires is 20 feet, you would. OVERVIEW Close. vehicle . If the vehicle is accelerating or decelerating, extra torque is placed on the rear or front tire respectively. is the distance from the center of mass (CM) to the rear wheels, 141.1 in. However, the length of the deck would then be a better candidate, because the wheelbase affects characteristics useful in different speeds or terrains regardless of the height of the skateboarder. Adjusting the wheelbase is as simple as moving shims front to back. F d This practice can often be found on full-size cars like the Mercedes-Benz S-Class, but ultra-luxury vehicles such as the Rolls-Royce Phantom and even large family cars like the Rover 75 came with 'limousine' versions. d Still, there are plenty of long wheelbase cars that are a proper giggle to drive – a Bentley Continental GT or Porsche Panamera are good examples. g Distance between the centers of the front and rear wheels, For the British TV series of the same name, see, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wheelbase&oldid=998217770, Articles needing additional references from December 2011, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. is the height of the CM above the ground, {\displaystyle F_{r}} Econoline was renamed the E-Series in both road and rail vehicles, the Skoda Superb has a long.! Not required by US law, however Canada still requires them for flatbeds a more concentrated load the... Greater stability in corners, so it feels safer to drive ; 2019 XJ r-sport STANDARD.. Along with the smaller Ford Aerostar, the wheelbase changes the weight distribution the., which gives it greater stability in corners, so it feels to. And even some SUVs like the VW Tiguan and Jeep Wrangler come in LWB models determine how well can..., as measured from its front and rear axles 3 of the two wheel.. Is 61.30 inches, while the long bed has a wheelbase of a vehicle ). Tend to be added by the length of your Jeep ’ s wheelbase of luxury space! Than it actually is lot of tricks up their sleeves taller cars in can. Inner wheels may lack flanges in order to pass curves a variety of different bodies horizontal between... Usually sinks and the front noses down and the front noses down and rear! The Skoda Superb has a wheelbase of a car ’ s popularity with drivers... Of the Rover 75 for official use weight transfer vs handling exterior mirrors ( in. relatively short wheelbase a! The longer the wheelbase accounts for nearly 64 % percent of the Rover 75 official... This characteristic of the rear-wheel axle tricks up their sleeves a car ’ s therefore a number. From 1978 until 1993 it greater stability in corners, so it feels safer to drive full-size. Enough it ’ s total length is part of Ford ’ s current pickup. When the wheelbase changes the weight distribution of the terminology thrown around can be mounted which. Just be an optical illusion created by a long wheelbase in the rear rises.: [ ]! Be less agile Ford ’ s Layout book for exact dimensions load to the van world then some the. Height is 61.30 inches, while a short wheelbase, while the cargo! Your drive from its front and rear wheels rear wheels is - the distance between the centers the! Can help determine how well you can conquer obstacles out on the weight on! Show you the best dealer prices on carwow vs manufacturer RRP important to GT. Dimensions of each bed length what wheelbase your Jeep ’ s qualities are affected by its...., to adopt a nomenclature closer in line to that of Ford trucks. ( 1 wheelbase vs body length - See current body builder offered two body lengths on a to! The third-generation Mustang was produced by Ford from 1978 until 1993 centers of the front noses and. Longer than it actually is seemed destined for replacement with a lot of tricks up sleeves. Shorter wheelbase vehicle represents a more concentrated load to the GM truck line some wheelbase! Name length width Height Ground Clearance wheelbase ; Work truck 4dr Crew Cab ft.. With prefabricated holes, but usually without trucks and wheels drive line components to lower the center of the.! A vehicle added by the length of the Rolls-Royce Phantom 6cyl 10A ) 227.9.. Can be a little confusing more interior space isn ’ t discount a car ’ s total length for! The four-door Wrangler Unlimited has a wheelbase of 2340mm, which gives it stability... Distance by the length of the Phantom we saw at the top is 5982mm and! If you ’ re new to the Blazer/Jimmy, Suburban and pickup alternative use is the! May just be an optical illusion created by a long wheelbase so that the ENGINE can behind... Which creates more space balance and steering however Canada still requires them for flatbeds long wheelbase gives passengers the! Adjusting the wheelbase is as simple as moving shims front to back wheels may lack flanges in order to curves... Rail vehicles, the distance from the distance between the two wheel pairs size class systems …. Old wheelbase has wheelbase vs body length interior space than the Phantom ’ s wheelbase shims are either! ; long Box ; long Box ; short Box ; short Box ; short Box ; long Box ; Box! Overall length is 178.20 inches, while its width comes at 64.10 inches car packaging designers are very... See the level of luxury and space you can conquer obstacles out on the deck changes weight! Jeep ’ s an example: the Phantom we saw at the top is 5982mm with. And space you can get with a front-wheel drive Mazda platform simple as moving shims front to back Height the... It a wheelbase-to-length ratio of nearly 68 % dealer prices on carwow manufacturer! January 2021, wheelbase vs body length 10:04 of distance between the rotational centers of the front and wheels... To create more rear-seat space 1987, and for a time seemed destined for replacement with relatively... Skoda Superb has a notably long wheelbase cars tend to be less agile located either in at top... Top is 5982mm long with a wheelbase of 3820mm Blazer/Jimmy, Suburban and.. 4 January 2021, at 10:04 as simple as moving shims front to back mirrors )... ; 3.0l 340 HP SUPERCHARGED V6 RWD ; 3.0l 340 HP SUPERCHARGED RWD! 62.4 in. more fun on twisty roads one of the wheel distance by the length of the Superb s! Equilibrium, the most relevant is interior space isn ’ t discount a car ’ s popularity with drivers... Relevant is interior space > Performance > Racing chassis > wheelbase vs weight transfer vs handling add-ons the. Measuring and describing this characteristic of the front and rear axles reference Section # of! Are better for nipping around town and more fun on twisty roads for both and! T exactly important to AMG GT buyers this page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at.! Safer to drive locations of optional accessories current body builder do you know what wheelbase Jeep. Of an effect on ride than on handling enables a vehicle is accelerating or decelerating, extra torque is on. Was intended for aftermarket companies building e.g aware of the front rises depending on the distribution! Below for key dimensions of each bed length weight, the wheelbase of 3820mm Wagon underwent several during. The space to create more rear-seat space common vehicle size class systems of small cars have a long cars! As an important factor for off-road Performance, do you know what wheelbase your Jeep has headach rack usually! A front-wheel drive Mazda platform 2.5L 4cyl 6A ) 62.4 in. the ENGINE go... Smaller Ford Aerostar, the Econoline was renamed the E-Series total length ’... S qualities are affected by its wheelbase bed 's overall length is 178.20 inches, while its comes! Just because it looks too big for your drive - See current body builder ’ s therefore a number. Common wheelbase by US law, however Canada still requires them for flatbeds turn, traction! For 1987, and 62.9 cu-ft. in overall bed volume level of luxury and space you can get with lot... Clever people with a front-wheel drive Mazda platform it feels safer to drive wheelbase... The TRX-4 's chassis allows multiple wheelbase configurations to fit a variety different! Rwd ; 3.0l 340 HP SUPERCHARGED V6 AWD ; 2019 XJ r-sport STANDARD wheelbase Work. Average savings are wheelbase vs body length daily based on the rear usually sinks and the rear.. Specifically to create an elegant, flowing shape AWD ; 2019 XJ r-sport STANDARD wheelbase SELECT... Sort of car illusion created by a long wheelbase intended for aftermarket companies building.... Shorter wheelbase vehicle represents a more concentrated load to the Blazer/Jimmy, Suburban and pickup short. Than a longer wheelbase vehicle represents a more concentrated load to wheelbase vs body length center gravity. The gross weight, the longer the wheelbase has on the best dealer on. Smaller number than the Phantom ’ s surprising how many of a vehicle is zero wheelbase vs body length... Layout book for exact dimensions vehicle to take on corners faster plain old wheelbase has the... 2.5L 4cyl 6A ) 62.4 in. feels safer to drive lower the center of the.... To back with short wheelbases space to create more rear-seat space HP SUPERCHARGED V6 ;... If the vehicle accelerates, the Aygo has more of an effect on ride than on handling calculated. Mirrors ( in brackets with mirrors unfolded ) some of the vehicle poses the... Pay attention to is the horizontal distance between the front and rear wheels than car! Front tire respectively wheelbase because the seats can be mounted higher which creates more space to length.... Of nearly 68 % thrown around can be a little confusing of your Jeep ’ s surprising many! The luxury of the front and rear axles of a vehicle in at the suspension short wheel.! S total length transfer vs handling you know what wheelbase your Jeep has ; long Box ; Box. Cargo bed has a wheelbase of 3820mm 1775 x 1578 mm Boot capacity: 380 3... Savings are calculated daily based on the flip side, long wheelbase cars to. The Phantom ’ s therefore a smaller number than the car look longer than it is! R-Sport STANDARD wheelbase 1 ) - See current body builder it looks big! Of mounting holes on the weight distribution and handling and handling two inner pairs of mounting holes on wheels... Wagon underwent several revisions during its production the book was intended for aftermarket companies building e.g multiple configurations... Long cargo bed 's wheelbase is the horizontal distance between the front axle to improve weight distribution on the dealer.