ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. During most of 17th and 18th centuries, male slaves outnumbered female slaves but this slave sex ratio level when a large number of African women were brought in between 1730 and 1750. Pronounced the greatest pitcher in the history of the Negro Leagues; career highlights span five decades; legendary showman. First African American elected to the U.S. Senate. Jackie Robinson was Rookie of the Year, played on a World Series championship team and was the National League most valuable player. Isabella Baumfree; noted speaker for both the abolitionist movement and the women`s rights movement. The latest breaking news, comment and features from The Independent. African Americans, one of the largest of the many ethnic groups in the United States. Was able to make the calculations to predict solar and lunar eclipses and to compile an ephemeris for the Benjamin Banneker`s Almanac. (Satchel Paige). African Americans played an important role in the military during World War 2. His presence in MLB … The movie combines science fiction, authentic African visual art and music, building on the ideology of Afrofuturism cultural movement. Facts about African American Slavery discuss the history of African American slavery in United States. The following individuals have been selected from thousands of examples of selfless acts, sacrificing, in some cases, their own lives for the betterment of all. First African American of either gender to publish a novel on the North American continent. This article thus seeks to bring to the limelight just a few of the great African American Inventors who have made indelible marks through their groundbreaking inventions. St Augustine of Hippo (354-430) Augustine was born near Hippo (modern-day Algeria). Poet, novelist, playwright, newspaper columnist. George Washington Carver was an African American scientist and educator. Kids and other researchers can scan this page for facts fast. The "Big Dipper;" regarded as one of the most dominant basketball players of all time. Du Bois and Martin Luther King Jr. made appearances at the university chapel, and The Founders Library houses the largest collection of documents, letters and oral histories recording the African American experience. Entertainer, actor, comic, educator, television producer, philanthropist. One of the key figures behind the formation of the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP). Author, poet, folklorist, civil rights leader. A.K.A. The only NBA rookie to win the NBA Finals MVP Award. Was the first African American, and first individual of non-European ethnicity or race, to be so honored in the history of the prize. Second African American to serve on U.S. Supreme Court. Considered "The Father of Chicago Blues.". Church. "Sweetness," Pro Football Hall of Famer; held career rushing record for 18 years. It is implemented on their music, writing style, painting, art, clothes, hairstyle and many more. Leaders like Martin Luther King, Jr., and Malcolm X are two of the best-known civil rights leaders of the 20th century. DuBois. First African-American general in the U.S. Army. Stevie Wonder, Jimi Hendrix, Whitney Houston, Beyonce and Nina Simone are a few other African American singers who have made their community proud. Most noted for inventing the multiple-effect evaporator, an energy-efficient means of evaporating water. 1842-1908. Famous for whistling and singing "The Whistling Coon" and "The Laughing Coon.". William H. Carney. The culture is used as their identity to differentiate them from the colored and white people. Acclaimed American poet, author and activist Maya Angelou was born in St. Louis, Missouri in 1928. This list of famous African Americans is a quick reference guide. There would be no jazz music today were it not for the contributions of artists like Miles Davis or Louis Armstrong, who were instrumental in the evolution of this uniquely American music genre. The famous phrase “Google It” yields far too many results, and to be honest some of them are just horrible. Ella Baker. DuBois, paved the way with their own contributions in the century's first decades. It is important to realize that Negro History Week was not born in a vacuum. Considered the greatest defensive center to ever play the game. The "First Lady of Song;" winner of 13 Grammy awards. In 1816, founded the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church in Philadelphia. Boxer; war protester; member, Nation of Islam; civil rights protester; poet. Dance routines are often performed in the shop, while Nikky perfects his cutting creations on the likes of the African Cup of Nations football stars. Prominent member of the Black Panther party; author of Soul on Ice. June Bacon-Bercey: meteorology: 1932-Believed to be the first African-American woman to gain a degree in meteorology and confirmed to be the first African-American woman to be a televised meteorologist. Civil rights activist, sociologist, historian, writer, editor, poet, freemason, scholar. Known for deep bass voice, suave delivery. Elijah McCoy. Poet, memoirist, actress, civil rights activist. A list of famous African people who made a significant contribution to the world. Black Americans have advocated for civil rights since the earliest days of the United States. Barack Obama: 2008 election night rally President-elect Barack Obama waving to the crowd at a massive election night rally in Chicago's Grant Park on November 4, 2008. First African-American umpire in Major League Baseball. If you want to know the black culture in United States, you need to read Facts about African American Culture. The civil war in America is important to learn since it leads the war between the northern and southern states. Known for his novel, Go Tell it on the Mountain. Played in more than 16,000 games in 94 countries for the Globetrotters; succeeded Goose Tatum as the "clown prince" of the Trotters. Carney was the first African American to be awarded the Medal of Honor. Mansa Musa (c. 1280 – c. 1337) Mansa Musa was the ruler of the African country Mali. Includes Nelson Mandela, F.W. Was at the forefront of almost every major development in jazz after World War II. Was a dancer, singer, multi-instrumentalist (vibraphone, trumpet, drums); impressionist, comedian, actor. W.E.B. Most famous piece was Maple Leaf Rag, set standard for ragtime genre. Singer, songwriter, producer, musician, humanitarian, social activist. African Americans have made a great contribution to the poetry of the United States as well as the world since the 18th century. New York City would continue to serve as a catalyst for African American artists for decades, with Jean-Michel Basquiat among the Big Apple's most famous artists—and contemporary art's most universally recognized figures.. Basquiat was born in Brooklyn to a Puerto Rican mother and a Haitian father in 1960. You can also find out the important figures who wanted to abolish slavery in America. Some of these singers also enjoy a major fan following on social media platforms as well. The African American culture is very unique. Cassius Clay; three-time heavyweight boxing champion; crowned Sportsman of the (20th) Century by Sports Illustrated. Highest ranking African-American government official in history. Sarah Breedlove; founded the Madame C.J. Chairman of the Democratic National Committee, becoming the first African American to lead a major American political party. First African American to make vocal blues recordings, in 1920. The individuals that make up the whole of the black population, have offered up their talents to forward the cause of peace and prosperity in America. Successful in a number of styles; member of the Gospel Music Hall of Fame. Others, like Black journalist Ida B. Wells-Barnett and scholar W.E.B. Best remembered as a champion of the "Back-to-Africa" movement. DuBois, paved the way with their own contributions in the century's first decades. Was also a strong supporter of Prohibition and woman`s suffrage. Invented an automatic lubricator for oiling the steam engines of locomotives, boats, etc. In 1944, an African American soldier, Samuel L. Gravely, Jr., was appointed as commissioned officer and was promoted to command a US warship which was the first time for any black officer. A.K.A. Bouldin died on July 5, 1936 and his death certificate was signed by the famous black medical doctor, Madison L. Preacher. Best known for the "Bo Diddley beat", a rhumba-based beat. First African American of either gender to publish a novel on the North American continent. Lew Alcindor; NBA`s all-time leading scorer. But African Americans have been essential to all aspects of music, from opera singer Marian Anderson to pop icon Michael Jackson. Carney was the first African American to be awarded the Medal of Honor. G.W. Kennedy Center Honors recipient, most known for her frenetic interpretation of "Proud Mary" by Credence Clearwater Revival. Communist, labor organizer, social activist. Best known for her autobiographical writings I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings (1969); All God`s Children Need Traveling Shoes (1986). So, I put together a list of black historical figures. Whether you are researching a topic for Black History Month or just want to learn more, this listing of famous African Americans will help you find people who truly achieved greatness. , becoming the first Independent Black Christian denomination in the Abraham Lincoln in! 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